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mRNA vaccines spur lymph nodes for longer-term protection

Along with inducing antibodies for immediate defense, mRNA vaccines against COVID-19 also stimulate the lymph nodes to generate immune cells that provide protection over the long term, a new study confirms. The early wave of antibodies are generated by B cells called plasmablasts. In healthy volunteers, blood tests showed that two doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine induced “a strong plasmablast response,” said coauthor Ali Ellebedy of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.